The course examines the key aspects of modern thermodynamics, as part of the physical world picture. Explained in detail such important concepts as the equation of state, first law of thermodynamics, enthalpy, second law of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic functions, phase equilibria, Maxwell distribution, Boltzmann and Gibbs, fluctuations, viscosity, thermal conductivity.
Each lecture contains theoretical material, demonstration experiments, the solution of practical problems. Theoretical calculations carried out with the help of knowledge based on the integral-differential calculus, vector algebra and probability theory. For the development of this material is important fundamental understanding of the fundamentals of mathematical analysis and vector algebra, but it does not require deep and thorough knowledge of these disciplines.