Academician Semen Solomonovich Gerstein was born on July 13, 1929 in Harbin (Manchuria). Graduated from the Moscow State University in 1951. After graduating from the Department of Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University has worked as a teacher of physics and mathematics at secondary school in the village Belousovo, Kaluga region. Working in a school, he has passed theoretical minimum to Landau. Since 1955 he has been accepted to Landau's graduate school at the USSR Institute for Physical Problems.
After defending his doctoral dissertation in the 1958-1960 Gershtein has worked as a research assistant at the Leningrad Physico -Technical Institute. In 1960 he was transferred to the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (Dubna ) . Scientific director of Semen Solomonovich was a Nobel laureate in Physics Alexei Abrikosov. In 1963 he defended his doctoral thesis, opponents of which were academicians Sakharov, Pontecorvo, Baldin. In 1964 he was transferred to the Institute of High Energy Physics (in Protvino) for the post of head of the laboratory. Since 1979 Gershtein has been a senior researcher of the High Energy Physics Institute. Semen Solomonovich is also a member of Science and Engineering Board of Institute for High-Energy Physics, member of the Academic Board of the Division of General and Applied Physics of the Kurchatov Institute, a member of the SEB-3 Rosatom; member of the editorial boards of the journals "Nature", "Nuclear Physics", TMF. A member of several expert committees to award medals and prizes of RAS. Since 1963 he has taught at MIPT. In 1968 Gerstein was awarded the title of professor, and in 2004 - the title of MIPT Distinguished Professor. Since 1999 he has been a Soros Distinguished Professor. Author of more than 250 scientific and popular articles and three discoveries listed in the USSR State Registry. Since 1984 he has been elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences - Department of Nuclear Physics. Since 2003 has been elected Department of Physical Sciences academician.
Gerstein ia personally acquainted with Niels Bohr, Landau's student. On January 7, 1962 Landau had a fatal car accident on his way to visit Gerstein. Research interests: high-energy physics, theoretical physics, elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, works on the physics of elementary particles. Together with Zel'dovich established the law of conservation of the vector current in weak interactions, the upper limit on the mass of the muon neutrino. Developed the theory of meso molecular phenomena.
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